10 Background and Contents of the Giyanti Agreement

10 Background and Contents of the Giyanti Agreement – The Giyanti Agreement was an agreement between the Dutch VOC and Prince Mangkubumi (the Sultanate of Mataram). The agreement was signed on February 13, 1755. The contents of the Giyanti agreement made the Sultanate of Mataram ended, both de jure and de facto. The background of the giyanti agreement was the rebellion of the sultan of Mataram (Prince Mangkubumi) to gain personal profit and cooperate with the Dutch VOC.

Background and Contents of the Giyanti Agreement 10 Background and Contents of the Giyanti Agreement
Giyanti Agreement

The agreement was named the Giyanti agreement because it was signed in Giyanti Village, southeastern Karanganyar or more precisely in Jantiharjo Village. The agreement created Mataram into two regions, namely the west and the east. The western region is centered in Yogyakarta and is led by Prince Mangkubumi as Sultan Hamengkubuwana I. Meanwhile, the western region is around the Opak River and is controlled by the heir of Mataram, Sunan Pakubuwana III. On this occasion I will explain about the background of the Giyanti agreement and the contents of the Giyanti agreement. For more details you can see below.

Background and Contents of the Giyanti Agreement

In this discussion, I will divide it into two sub presentations, namely the background of the Giyanti agreement and the contents of the Giyanti agreement. I will explain it in detail and complete. Here’s the full review:

Giyanti Agreement Background

The background of the Giyanti agreement began when there was an agreement between the Mataram Kingdom and the Dutch VOC. Prince Mangkubumi (Mataram Sultanate) carried out an agreement with the Dutch for his personal gain. In fact, he also carried out a rebellion against people who opposed the Mataram Kingdom such as Prince Sambernyawa.

The background of the Giyanti agreement was not solely because of Prince Sambernyawa who was against the Mataram Kingdom. This resistance was caused because the Dutch showed an unfavorable effect in Mataram’s intervention. In fact, because of this effect, the implementation of the change in Mataram leadership had to be approved by the Dutch in advance. As a result, many rebellions occurred after the death of Sultan Agung.

After a few months, or rather on September 10, 1754, an agreement was reached on the Giyanti agreement. The agreement took place behind closed doors between Prince Mangkubumi and the Dutch VOC. The negotiations discussed about the offer of the title Sunan that should be given to Prince Mangkubumi and there was a division of territory in Mataram. This is of course the beginning of the background of the Giyanti agreement. However, it turned out that the division of the territory proposed by the Dutch was rejected by Prince Mangkubumi. After one month, the VOC received a letter of approval from Pakubuwono III which contained the approval of the Governors of Java and Mangkubumi. This was then continued at the negotiating table called the Giyanti agreement.

Based on the background of the Giyanti agreement, it turns out that various kinds of impacts were felt, such as the many riots in the former Mataram Kingdom and the rebellion carried out by Prince Sambernyawa against Pakubuwono III. But the rebellion was overcome and eradicated within 2 years after the Giyanti agreement.

Contents of the Giyanti Agreement

The Giyanti Agreement was signed by C Donkel, W. Fockens, WV Ossenbearch, and N. Harlight, JJ. Steenmulder. The following are some of the contents of the Giyanti agreement:

  • There was cooperation between the people of Dutch rule and the people of the Mataram sultanate.
  • The regent who had sided with the Dutch in the previous war would be pardoned by the Sultan.
  • Sri Sultan will not carry out the dismissal of the patih or regent until it is approved by the Dutch.
  • The appointment of Prince Mangkubumi as Sultan Hamengkubuwono and given half of the territory of the Mataram Kingdom.
  • There is no claim of Sri Sultan’s rights over coastal areas, such as the Madura area.
  • Before carrying out their duties, the regents and regents were required to take an oath of allegiance to the Dutch.
  • Sri Sultan promised the Dutch that he would sell his food products at a predetermined price.
  • If Paku Buwono had trouble, Sri Sultan promised to help him.
  • Sri Sultan also promised to always obey everything that had been determined in the previous Mataram agreement.

Thus the clarification regarding the background of the Giyanti agreement and the contents of the Giyanti agreement. Basically this agreement did not benefit Mataram. However, making Mataram a slave of the Dutch. Even because of the agreement Mataram collapsed because the area was divided into two parts. Hopefully this article can add to your insight. Thank you.

Someone who has an aloof personality, without knowing the outside world only through the online world.

  • Facebook
  • WhatsApp
  • Instagram