Definition and Examples of Rights and Obligations of Citizens according to the 1945 Constitution – Rights and obligations are an inseparable unit. As citizens of course we have the responsibility to carry out our obligations and deserve our rights as citizens. This has been regulated in the Constitution or the 1945 Constitution regarding the understanding of the rights and obligations of citizens, together every Indonesian people are obliged to carry out their obligations and deserve the rights as citizens.
Although rights and obligations cannot be separated from each other, these two things are essentially contradictory because before getting rights we must fulfill obligations first. Although the rights received between fellow citizens are the same, these rights have limitations that cannot be violated. This happens because one’s rights are limited and stop violating the rights of others.
The rights and obligations of citizens in addition to being a contradiction are also debated among the community. People who generally have carried out their obligations as citizens such as paying taxes, defending and defending the unity of the nation deserve their rights. The rights of every citizen are to get a decent life, sufficient income, good service from the government and so on. But in reality the rights of these citizens cannot always be fulfilled, many citizens are still having trouble finding work, supporting their families and being ignored by the government.
In fact, the government and officials who are accustomed to living glamorously and living in wealth tend to prioritize their rights over their obligations. Not a few officials who prioritize personal wealth compared to their obligations in serving the people.
Basically, there are various definitions of rights and obligations of citizens based on experts and based on the 1945 Constitution. Meanwhile, patterns of rights and obligations of citizens can be easily encountered in our daily lives. As a pattern as the younger generation we have an obligation to maintain the unity of the republic of Indonesia and we also have the right to receive education.
Definition and Examples of Rights and Obligations of Citizens according to the 1945 Constitution
The rights and obligations of citizens have been regulated in articles 27 to 34 of the 1945 Constitution. In this article it is stated that the obligations that must be fulfilled and the rights that must be obtained by citizens. Based on the 1945 Constitution, I will show the understanding and pattern regarding the rights and obligations of being a citizen.
Understanding the Rights and Obligations of Citizens
Right is a power to get and do something that should be accepted by certain parties which in principle can be forced. One’s rights are limited by the rights of others. Violating the rights of others will result in human rights violations (Human Rights Violations).
While the obligation is a responsibility that must be carried out and carried out before someone asks for his rights.
Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution, together with the rights of everyone, are the same, whether the government or ordinary people have the same rights and obligations. Rights and obligations must be carried out in a balanced manner, before asking for rights we must fulfill obligations first.
Examples of Citizens’ Rights and Duties
Examples of the rights and obligations of citizens can be easily summarized after reading the 1945 Constitution articles 27 to 34. As already written in the 1945 Constitution, the rights and obligations of Indonesian citizens are as follows:
Indonesian Citizens’ Rights:
- Get the right income.
- The right to receive a decent job and livelihood.
- The right to live and maintain life.
- The right to have a family and have children.
- The right to live his life.
- The right to meet the necessities of life.
- The right to improve the quality of life they have.
- Right to education.
- The right to fight for and build the Nation and State.
- The right to get recognition, protection, legal guarantees.
- The right to receive the same legal treatment.
- The right to express aspirations and opinions.
Obligations of Indonesian Citizens:
- Must comply with applicable government norms and rules.
- Must defend the homeland of Indonesia.
- Obligation to respect and respect the human rights of others.
- Obedience and obedience to the limits set out in the 1945 Constitution.
- Obliged to defend the country from dangers that come from outside.
Rights and Obligations that have been Listed in the 1945 Constitution Articles 26, 27, 28, and 30
- Article 26, paragraph (1), reads “Those who become citizens are the original Indonesian people and people from other nations who are legalized by law as citizens. And in paragraph (2), the conditions regarding citizenship are stipulated by law”.
- Article 27, paragraph (1), reads “All citizens, together with their position in the rules and government, are obliged to uphold the rules and government. In paragraph (2), every citizen has the right to work and a decent living for humanity”.
- Article 28, It reads “freedom of association and assembly, expressing thoughts verbally, and so on is stipulated by law”.
- Article 30, paragraph (1), reads “rights and obligations of citizens to participate in the defense of the state. And paragraph (2) states that further arrangements are regulated by law”.
That is material about the understanding and pattern of the rights and obligations of citizens based on the 1945 Constitution. Basically rights and obligations can not only be applied in the nation and state, but in a small scale and scope such as society and schools, there are also rights and obligations that we must fulfill. Thank you.