Examples of Syllogisms and Entiments along with their Definitions, Structures and Formulas – Understanding sologism is a thought process consisting of one or more premises according to the arrangement that has been made. The structure of sologism, which begins with statements, then from these statements a conclusion will be drawn according to sufficient logical and basic principles. Generally, sentences and paragraphs of syllogisms can be easily found in an argument.
Logism or entiment is the opposite of a syllogism that does not mention the arrangement of general premises first, has a structure in the form of directly drawing conclusions followed by special premises that function as explanatory premises or causes. It is because of this factor that logic is often referred to as an entity.
In this article, we will discuss the complete syllogism and sentence pattern discourse along with its form and structure. Just take a look at the collection of patterns below.
Generally, a syllogism consists of two or more premises and has a general conclusion. The two premises are called the special premise (PK) and the general premise (PU).
General premise (PU): In the form of a statement about a particular group or group and has certain characteristics, characteristics or characteristics.
Specific premise (PK): In the form of a statement about a member of the group.
Conclusion: A statement that concludes that one member of the group has certain properties or characteristics according to the statement of the general premise and the special premise.
If written using a formula, the syllogism has the following formula:
PU consists of A = B
PK consists of C = A
K consists of C = B
Example of a syllogism
An example of a syllogism in the form of a sentence
PU: All scholars are smart
PK: Mahmud is a scholar
K: So mahmud is smart.
Example of a syllogism paragraph:
All scholars in this world are certainly very smart. The intelligence they have is unquestionable because they have proven this with a strata 1 degree. Meanwhile, Mahmud is a S.kom scholar. So it can be concluded that Mahmud is a very clever person.
Example of a syllogism
PU: Reptiles reproduce by laying eggs.
PK: Snakes are reptiles.
K: Snakes reproduce by kneeling.
Example of a syllogism paragraph
Reptiles reproduce by laying eggs. This is because these scaly animals (repti) do not have mammary glands, unlike mammals. Snakes are scaly animals which of course can be categorized as reptiles. So it can be concluded that snakes reproduce by laying eggs.
A categorical syllogism is a syllogism that has a major premise in the form of categories and this premise is a predicate.
PU: All living things need food.
PK: Animals can breathe and can reproduce.
K: Animals need food,
All living things in this world need food and drink to survive. Animals are creatures that breathe and can reproduce, meaning that animals have characteristics as living things. So it can be concluded that animals are food and drink because they are one of the living things.
PU: All 11th grade students of N 1 Solo Vocational High School participated in an industrial visit to the island of Bali.
PK: Ima is a student of the N 1 Solo Vocational High School.
K: Ima followed an industrial visit to the island of Bali.
This year, all 11th grade students of Vocational High School N 1 Solo will make an industrial visit to the island of Bali which includes the cities of Kuta and Sanur as the main destinations. Ima is a student who sits in the 11th grade of Vocational High School N 1 Solo majoring in accounting. Makara ima will follow an industrial visit to the island of Bali.
This syllogism has the characteristics of the major premise in the form of an argument or opinion.
PU : If it rains tomorrow I will not come.
PK: It’s raining today.
K : It’s raining today, and I won’t come.
I have made a promise, if it rains tomorrow then I will not come to his house. While today it is raining very heavily, even the sky is still black because it is cloudy. Therefore starting today because of heavy rain I can’t keep my agreement to come to his house
PU: I will buy a new car when I have the money.
PK: I have a lot of money.
K: I bought a new car.
It’s been a long time since I dreamed of buying a new car if I had a lot of money. And coincidentally this month I received an additional salary along with a bonus from my boss, which means I have a lot of money. That’s why today I bought this new car.
This syllogism has the characteristics of the major premise as a choice.
PU: Benny attends a vocational school or a junior high school.
PK: Benny attends a high school.
K: Benny didn’t go to junior high school.
Because many are confused about the difference between Benny’s school level and junior high school, Benny created an explanation that he actually attended the SMK level. In other words, Benny didn’t go to junior high school.
Example of an entity:
PU : Children who are obedient and pious will always be diligent in worship.
PK: Bayu is an obedient and pious child.
K: Bayu is diligent in worship.
Entiment: Bayu is obedient and diligent in worship because he is a pious child.
That’s an article that discusses examples of syllogisms and entimments along with their understanding, structure and formulas that I can present this time. To be able to distinguish between a syllogism and an entime, we only need to look at the structure of the premises. If a sentence or paragraph begins with a general premise followed by a special premise and produces a conclusion, it can be said that it is called a syllogism. Vice versa. Thank you.