Good Friday Prayer Procedures According to the Sunnah and Reading Intentions – Friday prayer is a prayer that is obligatory for all male Muslims who have reached puberty which is done at the time of dzuhur and this Friday prayer is a substitute for the midday prayer so that if someone has done it there is no need to perform the midday prayer.
Regarding the argument that Friday prayers are obligatory, it is contained in the Qur’an Surah Al Jumuah, in this letter Allah has obligated all Muslims to perform Friday prayers.
يأيہا ٱلذين ءامنوا إذا نودى للصلوة من يوم ٱلجمعة فٱسعوا إلى ذكر ٱلله وذروا ٱلبيع ذٲلكم خير لكم إن كنتم تعلمون (9) فإذا قضيت ٱلصلوة فٱنتشروا فى ٱلأرض وٱبتغوا من فضل ٱلله وٱذكروا ٱلله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون (10) وإذا رأوا تجرة أو لهوا ٱنفضوا إليہا وتركوك اۚ لۡ ا للَّهِ للَّهۡوِ لتِّجَـٰرَةِۚ للَّهُ لرَّٲزِقِينَ (١١
Meaning: O you who believe, when you are called to perform the Friday prayer, then hasten to the remembrance of God and leave buying and selling, that would be better for you if you knew.
When the prayer has been performed, then you are scattered on the earth; and seek God’s bounty and remember God a lot so that you are lucky.
And when they see a trade or a game, they disperse to go to it and they leave you rising (speaking). Say: “What is with God is better than play and commerce”, and God is the best of sustenance. (Qs. al-Jumu’ah, 62: 9-11)
Friday Prayer Procedures
Friday prayer begins with the Friday sermon which can be done by the preacher usually by the prayer priest or by other people, and this is a pillar of the Friday prayer, so if the preacher is delivering the sermon, all great Fridays are not allowed to carry out any activities but must be especially attentive to the sermon. . The sermon is divided into two, namely the first sermon and the second sermon which is usually separated by sitting for a while.
A preacher gets up on the pulpit then says assalamualaiqum wr.wb then the Bilal or Muezzin gets up to announce the call to prayer and the preacher is silent for a while listening to the call to prayer after the call to prayer is finished, followed by the sermon. As for the requirements for the pillars of the sermon,
1. Reading hamdalah (i.e., alhamdulillah) accompanied by lafadz jalalah (lafadz Allah) for example:
الْحَمْدَ للهِ اللهِ أَنْفُسِنَا مِنْ َسَيّئَاتِ الِنَا اللهُ لاَ لّ لَهُ لِلْ لاَ ادِيَ لَهُ
2. Read blessings. for example:
اَللهُمّ لّ لّمْ لى وَعَلى لِهِ ابِهِ انٍ لَى الدّيْن
3. Willing or ordering the congregation to be pious. for example:
اأَيّهَا الّذَيْنَ ا اتّقُوا اللهَ اتِهِ لاَ لاّ لِمُوْنَ
4. Read the verses of the Qur’an in one of the two sermons. for example :
اسْتبَقُِوا اْلخَيْرَاتِ ا ا اللهُ ا اللهَ لىَ لِّ قَدِيرٌ
5. Pray or pray for the Muslims and Muslimat with all things that are ukhrawi (hereafter) at the time of the second sermon.
اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِيْنَ الْمُسْلِمَاتِ، الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ اْلأَحْيَاءِ اْلأَمْوَاتِ، الدّعَوَاتِ.
ا لاَتُؤَاخِذْ ا ا ا ا لاَ لْ لَيْنَا ا ا لْتَهُ لََى اّلذِيْنَ لِنَا ا لاَ لاْنَا ال ا
ا اتِنَا الدّنْيَا اْلأَخِرَةِ ا ابَ النّارِ. الحمد لله العالمين
After finishing the sermon, the muezzin got up to pronounce the iqomat and after it was finished, continued with Friday prayers 2 rakaat, for the same procedure as doing prayers in general, after finishing Friday prayers it would be nice to continue with wirid readings and dhikr and then do the prayer circumcision, well then until here we have finished doing Friday prayers properly and correctly.
Until here, our discussion about Friday Prayer Procedures hopefully what we discuss is useful for all of us, we apologize for the limitations of the discussion.