Properties of Elements, Compounds and Mixtures with Complete Examples

Properties of Elements, Compounds and Mixtures with Complete Examples – In physics there are forms of matter which have the meaning of anything that has mass and occupies space. One example of this material form is the universe consisting of air, tables, chairs and so on. Matter can be divided into two forms, namely pure substances and mixtures. Pure substances are chemical substances consisting of parts that are entirely uniform and fixed, for example carbon dioxide, water, air, and nitrogen. While the dough substance is a substance that is composed of several forms of matter. Pure substances can be divided into elements and compounds. Therefore there are the properties of elements, examples of elements, properties of compounds, examples of compounds, properties of mixtures and examples of mixtures.

Compounds and Mixtures with complete examples Properties of the elements, compounds and mixtures with complete examples

So what is an element? What is a compound? What is a mix? On this occasion I will discuss the properties of elements, examples of elements, properties of compounds, examples of compounds, properties of mixtures and examples of mixtures. For more details you can see below.

Properties of Elements, Compounds and Mixtures with Complete Examples

Broadly speaking, materials can be divided into 3 types, namely elements, compounds and mixtures. Below there is a clarification regarding the properties of elements, properties of compounds, and properties of mixtures complete with examples of elements, examples of compounds and examples of mixtures.

Element

An element is a single substance that does not undergo a chemical reaction so it cannot be broken down into a simple new substance. These elements can be further divided into two forms, namely non-metallic elements and metallic elements. Each element has its own properties and examples.

Properties of Metal Elements

  1. Has a glossy color.
  2. Good conductor of electricity.
  3. Good heat conductor.
  4. Has a solid form (except mercury / mercury).
  5. Can be forged into a slab or sheet.

Examples of metal elements include gold, iron, copper, platinum, mercury and zinc.

Properties of Non-Metal Elements

  1. It exists as a solid, gas and liquid at room temperature.
  2. Has a matte color.
  3. Cannot conduct heat.
  4. Unable to conduct electricity.
  5. Unable to be forged.

Examples of non-metal elements include Carbon, Platinum, Oxygen, Sulfur and so on.

Compound

A compound is a single substance made up of two or more atoms that undergo a chemical reaction. Following properties of compounds that is:

  1. Can be broken down into simple elements/substances.
  2. Formed by a chemical reaction.
  3. Have a fixed ratio.
  4. When a compound metamorphoses, its constituent elements have different/changed properties.
  5. Including single substances.

Examples of compounds include table salt (NaCl), vinegar (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and sulfuric acid (H2SO4).

Mixture

A mixture is a type of material consisting of two or more substances that have opposite properties, but the properties of the original substances are still felt and the ratio is not fixed. Following mixed properties namely:

  1. Consists of two or more types of substances.
  2. It still has the original properties of the previous substance.
  3. Have a comparison that is not fixed or arbitrary.
  4. Physically they can be separated.

This mixture can be further divided into two types, namely heterogeneous mixtures and homogeneous mixtures. The following is an explanation of each type of mixture:

Homogeneous Mix

Homogeneous mixture is a mixture in which it is not able to distinguish the substances mixed in it. Examples of homogeneous dough are sweet tea, air and syrup.

Heterogeneous Mix

Heterogeneous mixture is a type of mixture in which the substances cannot mix with each other perfectly. In addition, this mixture can still be separated through certain reactions. Examples of heterogeneous dough are the mixture of sand, water and cement, the mixture of sugar and coffee, the mixture of soil and water. Types of heterogeneous mixtures can still be further divided into two forms, namely colloids and suspensions. Colloid is a type of heterogeneous mixture that has a mixture of substances with the same properties. For example, a mixture of water and milk, a mixture of clouds with air, and a mixture of water and paint. Whereas suspension is a type of heterogeneous mixture that has properties that can be seen by the eye and has a rough texture. For example, mixing water with oil, mixing river water so that it is cloudy in color, and mixing water with lime.

Thus a clarification of the properties of elements, properties of compounds, and properties of mixtures complete with examples of elements, examples of compounds and examples of mixtures. Hopefully this article can add to your insight. Thank you.