The Great Historic Wall that still stands majestic today 2021

Fences or long walls are part of buildings that are commonly erected to mark the boundaries of buildings and prevent foreigners from entering the building without permission. On a larger scale, giant walled fences have also been erected by rulers in the past to protect cities or even countries. The following are 5 historical walls from various parts of the world:

Hadrian’s Wall, England

Hadrian's Wall, England
Hadrian’s Wall, England via verkedell.blogspot.com

Before being known as a country whose colonies had spread across various continents, England in the past had also been a colony of other nations. Precisely by the Ancient Romans since BC.

When Rome was still standing, the country once controlled the southern part of the Isle of Britain. To protect his territory from the threat of the barbarian tribes living on the northern island of Britain, a giant wall was built in the middle of the island of Britain.

This giant wall is known as Hadrian’s Wall because the person who ordered the construction of this wall was Hadrian, the Roman emperor who had visited England in 122 BC.

Hadrian’s Wall has a total length of 116 km with a height of 5 meters and a width of 3 meters. At some points, there were fortresses that Roman soldiers could use to rest and stockpile logistics. That way, when someone tried to attack the wall, the troops in the nearest fort could immediately be deployed to protect the wall.

Hadrian’s Wall is estimated to take at least 6 years. When Rome experienced its collapse in the 5th century, the wall was then abandoned. Local residents stripped down the wall so that they could use the constituent rocks as building materials.

Now, the part of Hadrian’s Wall that is still intact is recognized as a historical relic and is a silent witness that England in the past was under the rule of the Romans.

Sacsayhuaman Wall, Peru

Sacsayhuaman Wall, Peru
Sacsayhuaman Wall, Peru via travel.detik.com

Before the arrival of the Europeans, there was once a giant empire that stood in South America. Inka is the name of the kingdom. They are remembered not only for their vast territory, but also for the magnificent buildings they once erected and can still be found today.

Sacsayhuaman is an example of an Incan heritage building that still stands majestically today. The building itself was originally a fortress whose surroundings were protected by a large 18 meter high wall.

Amazingly, Sacsayhuaman was built without using any adhesive materials such as cement at all. In other words, the stones used to build Sacsayhuaman were pre-formed so that the stones would interlock when they were assembled. A number of boulders are even known to have a height of 4 meters and weigh more than 100 tons.

Even though it doesn’t use cement at all, this wall is in fact very sturdy. So strong, this wall still seems to be in intact condition to this day. Even though Peru is classified as an area that is often hit by earthquakes.

Sacsayhuaman was built in the 15th century and is estimated to have been inhabited by 1,000 soldiers. In addition to defense purposes, Sacsayhuaman is also equipped with temples and is thought to have often been used to hold religious ceremonies.

When the Inca Empire was conquered by the Spanish, the Spaniards had time to bury Sacsayhuaman with a pile of earth so that the building could not be used by the local population to carry out a rebellion. Only in 1934, this building was rediscovered by archaeologists.

The Walls of Constantinople, Turkey

The Walls of Constantinople, Turkey
The Walls of Constantinople, Turkey via muhaemin-af.com

Turkey is a country whose most of its territory is in Asia, but a small part is in Europe. The city of Istanbul is an example of a city in Turkey located in the European part of the country. Before being named Istanbul, the city was better known as Constantinople.

In the past, Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire. Because Constantinople was vulnerable to invasion by foreign nations, the city was also protected by a very thick and multi-layered wall.

Since the eastern part of Constantinople was the sea, the Walls of Constantinople were built to the west of the city. To the west again, there is another line of walls called the Theodosius Wall which serves as the outermost layer of defense from enemy ground forces.

If the Theodosius Wall is successfully passed by the enemy forces, then the Constantinople Wall will show its role as the protector of the city. The walls of Constantinople are 12 meters high and 4 meters thick. To make the walls more difficult for the enemy to break down, the Walls of Constantinople are also equipped with hundreds of giant towers.

Although protected by walls and a very strong defense system, it does not mean that the city of Constantinople is completely impenetrable. In 1204, the city was conquered by the Crusaders. Byzantium after that had experienced collapse, but was successfully re-established in 1261.

In 1453, it was the turn of the Ottoman troops who succeeded in conquering Constantinople. This event also ended the history of Byzantium once and for all. The city of Constantinople was then made the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. The remains of the Walls of Constantinople can still be found today in the city of Istanbul.

Kumbhalgarh Wall, India

Kumbhalgarh Wall, India
Kumbhalgarh Wall, India via http://versesofuniverse.blogspot.com

India is not only famous for its temples and shrines. The Subcontinent State also has a relic in the form of a giant wall. It’s not a strange thing, considering that since the BC era, India has often been a battlefield between rulers.

Kumbhalgarh is the name of the giant fort that was erected to protect the more than 300 religious buildings within it. Around this fort, there is a giant wall that is often dubbed the Great Wall of India. This fort was built in the 15th century.

The length of the Kumbhalgarh Wall reaches 36 meters and was built around this fort. Because of its length, this wall is now the second longest series of giant walls in the world after the Great Wall of China. At its widest, the Kumbhalgarh Wall is 15 meters wide.

While still operating as a fort, Kumbhalgarh was built on a hilltop so that the troops guarding the fort could detect enemy arrivals from a distance. This fort is also equipped with weapons and traps to make it more difficult for the enemy to conquer.

Now, Kumbhalgarh Fort is recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage. This fort is now also visited by many tourists from inside and outside India.

Great Wall of China

Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China via travel.dream.co.id

If we talk about the giant wall in the world, then the Great Wall of China will be a building that will appear in the minds of many people. The Great Wall of China is indeed very famous for its enormous size. How not, the Great Wall of China is known to have a length of more than 21,000 kilometers.

The average height of this wall is about 7 meters. But in certain parts, the height of the walls reaches 14 meters. The construction of this wall took centuries. The oldest part of the Great Wall of China is known to be at least 2,300 years old.

The Great Wall of China was built in the northern part of the country so that Chinese territory was safe from attacks by nomadic nations who often attacked and plundered Chinese territory. Therefore, the Great Wall of China is also equipped with defense towers that number up to 25 thousand.

Because of its important role in maintaining China’s security from the invasion of foreign nations, the Great Wall of China is regularly updated and enlarged. However, since the 17th century, this practice has ceased to exist because it continued because the northern part of China had grown so large that the existence of the wall was no longer necessary.

Because the Great Wall of China was left abandoned, not all parts of the wall can still be found today. According to historians’ estimates, only the 372 km long part is still in good condition and maintained. This part that is still intact is now one of the mainstay of China’s historical tourism objects.

Source :

https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/hadrians-wall/hadrians-wall-history-and-stories/history/

https://www.ancient.eu/Sacsayhuaman/

https://www.ancient.eu/Great_Wall_of_China/

Ancient History: Walls of Constantinople

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/great-wall-india

https://www.chinahighlights.com/greatwall/fact/