Understanding and Kinds of Complete Sovereign Theory

Definition and Kinds of Complete Sovereign Theory – Based on the Latin word sovereignty means “supermus” which means “highest”. While based on English means “sovereignly” which means also “Highest”. Both languages ​​have one meaning of sovereignty, namely an authority that works in a political unit. Sovereignty is also referred to as the highest power in a country and power that is not under other powers. This power can be divided into several kinds of sovereignty theories based on expert opinion.

Understanding and Kinds of Complete Sovereign Theory Understanding and Kinds of Complete Sovereign Theory

Then what is the meaning of sovereignty in general? What are the types of sovereignty theory based on experts? On this occasion, I will discuss the definition of sovereignty and the various theories of sovereignty based on experts. For more details you can see below.

Definition and Kinds of Complete Sovereign Theory

Before discussing the discourse on the notion of sovereignty and the types of sovereignty based on experts, I will first explain the discourse on the nature of duality. The following is the nature of sovereignty along with an explanation:

  1. Unlimited meaning that a sovereignty will never be limited by another sovereign. However, if there is sovereignty that limits it, the highest sovereignty obtained will be lost.
  2. Permanent meaning that this sovereignty is able to build itself even though the sovereign government has undergone several changes.
  3. Single meaning that in a country, sovereignty has the highest level and is the only one. It can’t even be shared or submitted to certain forums or bodies.
  4. Original meaning that the sovereignty does not come from the sovereignty of certain parties who have the highest level.

Definition of Sovereignty

Furthermore, there are several definitions of sovereignty. Based on the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), sovereignty is the people who have the highest power in a country. In other words, it is the people who hold the highest power in a country. The theory comes from the end of the existence of a king who rules by suppressing and absolute.

In addition, there is also another definition of sovereignty, namely the highest power of a country which is in the hands of the people. In a country there are three special forums that have the task of regulating all government activities. These institutions include:

  1. The Legislative Body is a forum in charge of making laws. For example MPR, DPD, and DPR.
  2. The Executive Board is a forum in charge of enforcing laws. For example, the President and the Vice President.
  3. The Judiciary Institution is a forum tasked with overseeing the implementation of laws carried out by the executive forum. For example the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court.

Kinds of Sovereign Theory

Each country has a different theory of sovereignty. However, the Indonesian state has a theory of rule of law and people’s sovereignty. The following are the kinds of sovereignty theories based on experts:

God’s Sovereignty

The first kind of theory of sovereignty based on the greats is the sovereignty of God. This theory comes from God Almighty. In the theory of sovereignty, it shows the lesson that this government and state get the highest power from God. In other words, everything in this universe is a creation and a gift from God. The theory of God’s sovereignty is usually held by kings who claim to be descended from gods. For example, the Chinese emperor, the Japanese emperor, the King of Java (Hindu Age) and the King who came from Ancient Egypt.

King’s Sovereignty

The type of sovereignty theory based on the next greats is the sovereignty of the king. The sovereignty of the king is the sovereignty held by the king and his descendants. The supreme power is absolute and hereditary.

State Sovereignty

The type of sovereignty theory based on the next greats is state sovereignty. State sovereignty is a type of sovereignty whose supreme power is held by the state itself.

Sovereignty of Law

The type of sovereignty theory based on the next greats is the rule of law. Rule sovereignty means that the highest power is held by the full rule, both written and unwritten. This sovereignty has properties that have been regulated in the rules and is not absolute.

Population sovereignty

The type of sovereignty theory based on the last greats is the sovereignty of the people. Sovereignty of the people means that the highest power is fully held by the people. Therefore there is the term democracy which means from the people, for the people and by the people.

Thus the clarification of the discourse on the notion of sovereignty and the various theories of sovereignty. Hopefully this article can add to your insight. Thank you.