Understanding Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Hygrophytes, Halophytes and Mesophytes – In the world of flora there is a Morphological habituation system. What is morphological habituation? Morphological adaptation is a way of following the state of the flora in adjusting the external body structure and body shape of the plant to its environment. This adaptation includes understanding of hydrophytic flora, understanding of xerophytic flora, understanding of hygrophytic flora, understanding of halophytic flora, and understanding of mesophytic flora. Each type of morphological habituation has its own characteristics and examples.
Morphological adaptations are always used by flora in adapting themselves to the new environment in which they live. This is intended so that the plants can survive. As I have explained above that Morphological habituation can be divided into several types, namely Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Hygrophytes, Halophytes and Mesophytes. Now in this discussion, I will explain about the understanding of hydrophytic flora, understanding xerophytic flora, understanding hygrophytic flora, understanding halophyte flora, and understanding mesophytic flora. For more details you can see below.
Understanding Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Hygrophytes, Halophytes and Mesophytes
Plants can adapt themselves using morphological adaptations like humans and animals do. However, adaptation to flora is different from humans and animals. I will explain all types of flora habituation in terms of hydrophytic flora, understanding xerophytic flora, understanding hygrophytic flora, understanding halophytic flora, and understanding this mesophytic flora.
Definition of Hydrophyte Plants
Understanding hydrophytic plants is a type of plant that adapts to the aquatic environment in order to survive. The adaptation methods include being partially submerged, submerged, or completely submerged. It is not surprising that hydrophytic flora are referred to as aquatic flora. This plant is very dependent on water, not on dry or muddy soil. As for characteristics of hydrophytic plants which covers:
- Has a thin curticula to prevent water loss.
- Stomata are open all the time because they have a lot of water content.
- The shape of the leaves is flat / flat which is useful for keeping the plant so that it can float on the surface of the water.
- The shape of the roots is small so that it allows water to spread directly to all parts of the leaf.
- Has light roots to get oxygen from the water.
In addition to the characteristics above, there are also examples of hydrophytic plants as follows:
- Ferns (Members of the Nation Salviniales and Ceropteris thalictroides)
- Seed Plants (Dicot and Monocot Plants)
- Moss Plants (Ricciocarpus and Riccia)
- Sea Weed Plants
- Water hyacinth
Definition of Xerophyte Plants
Understanding Xerophytic plants is a type of plant that adapts to a dry environment in order to survive, either in hot or dry weather, even though the water content is only slightly. As for Characteristics of Xerophyte Plants namely:
- The leaf surface layer is coated with a wax coating to reduce the evaporation of water.
- The shape of the leaves is like a thorn which is efficacious to reduce the process of evaporation of water as well.
- The shape of the roots is long to find water contained in the soil.
- The stem has an area to store water reserves.
Then there’s example of Xerophytic Plants like:
- Aloe vera
- Fresh Plants
- Senseveria Plants
- Desert Lilies
- Date Tree
Definition of Hygrophyte Plants
The definition of hygrophytic plants is a type of plant that adapts to a humid environment in order to survive. This type of flora is found in the rain forest because of its humid environment. As for characteristics of hygrophytic plants that is:
- It has thin and wide leaves.
- The leaf surface has many stomata so that the evaporation of water can take place quickly.
Then there’s examples of hygrophytic plants like:
- Purple Leaf Plant
- Moss Plant
- Willow Plant
- Kemunting Plant
Definition of Halophyte Plants
Halophytic flora is a type of plant that adapts to the coastal and marine environment in order to survive. This type of plant is included in the type of high-level flora because it can survive with high salt levels. Halophytic plants are often referred to as Sea Plants. Examples of Halophyte Plants that is:
- Succulent Halophytes (Salicornia Europaea)
- Armeria Maritime Plants
- Mangrove Plants
Definition of Mesophyte Plants
The definition of mesophytic plants is a type of plant that adapts to an environment that is neither too dry nor too humid in order to survive. Examples of Mesophytic Plants that is:
- Banana Plant
- Papaya Plant
- Mango Mash
- Rambutan Plants
- Other Dicot and Monocot Plants
Thus the clarification regarding the meaning of hydrophytic flora, the meaning of xerophytic flora, the meaning of hygrophytic flora, the meaning of halophytic flora, and the meaning of mesophytic flora. Hopefully this article can add to your insight. Thank you.